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TNRC Publication

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

19 December 2019
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This publication is part of the TNRC consortium and produced with support from USAID.

Main points

  • Corruption undermines the ability of law enforcement and judicial systems to enforce laws related to environmental protection and resource use.
  • Environmental crimes are often a low priority for law enforcement actors facing a range of pressures and may be seen as victimless crimes.
  • Due to corruption, law enforcement-based approaches to conservation and natural resource management (NRM) can have unpredictable or unintended consequences such as biased enforcement of laws, emphasis on low-level rather than high-level offenses, and ineffective crime suppression efforts.
  • Practitioners should carefully assess the risks and potential impact of corruption on expected outcomes.
  • Many natural resource corruption cases straddle national borders, so practitioners should be aware of options based on extra-territorial legislation.

Cite this publication


Williams, A.; (2019) Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime. Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (TNRC Publication December 2019)

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About the author

Aled Williams responsible for U4's thematic work on corruption in natural resources and energy.

Disclaimer


All views in this text are the author(s)’, and may differ from the U4 partner agencies’ policies.

This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Keywords


natural resource management, justice sector, law enforcement, conservation, wildlife, forestry, fisheries, corruption risk assessment