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Core principles for the development of anti-corruption strategies.

Practices from around the world

There exist several international benchmarks to guide the development of anti-corruption strategies, as well as studies that provide additional guidance. The responsibility for drafting the strategy should be clearly assigned to a small group, but strategy development also requires high-level commitment and broad consultation. The strategy should have a coherent theory of change, based on a robust problem analysis and set out clear interventions to address identified priorities. As anti-corruption strategies have become prominent in recent years, this paper draws on recent strategies to illustrate the principles mentioned above with practices from around the world.

27 February 2022
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Core principles for the development of anti-corruption strategies.

Main points

  • The main principles for the development of anti-corruption strategies can be divided into five core phases of elaborating a strategy.
  • 1. Drafting process: overall responsibility for the strategy should be clearly assigned, political support of the highest level secured, and broad consultations led to collect inputs for the strategy.
  • 2. Theory of change: a robust problem analysis and a logical framework that clearly link the problem to the prioritised objectives.
  • 3. Formulation of an action plan: it should clearly outline the activities and measures, as well as how they will be proritised and sequenced and who will be in charge of each one. Indicators with baselines, milestones and targets should identified and costs and budgeting taken into consideration.
  • 4. Implementation phase: good implementation comes with assigning the leadership of the strategy to one executive body and outlining the coordination mechanisms between all the relevant actors, including international networks.
  • 5. Monitoring for adaptive management and iterative programming

Cite this publication

Jenkins, M.; Camacho, G.; (2022) Core principles for the development of anti-corruption strategies.. Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Helpdesk Answer 2022:4)

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About the authors

Matt Jenkins is a Research and Knowledge Manager at Transparency International, where he runs the Anti-Corruption Helpdesk, an on-demand bespoke research service for civil society activists and development practitioners. Jenkins specialises in anti-corruption evaluations and evidence reviews, he has produced studies for the OECD and the GIZ, and has worked at the European Commission and think tanks in Berlin and Hyderabad.

Gabriela Camacho


All views in this text are the author(s)’, and may differ from the U4 partner agencies’ policies.

This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)