Research Topics


The U4 Blog

Learning & events

About Us

U4 helpdesk answer policy

U4 output manual

U4 helpdesk answer policy

This publication is from . Newer material may be available. Please search related topics and keywords.

Here, U4 helpdesk answer authors and editors will find liks to details and instructions on how to follow the U4 helpdesk answer policy and style guide.

Most items in the U4 helpdesk answer policy have the same description as the over-arching U4 publication policy. Therefore, this policy gives direct links to the overarching policy.

The U4 style guide for helpdesk answers is also the same as for all U4 publications. It has the instructions on readability, language, grammar, and spelling.

Style guide

U4 expects that all authors and editors apply the up-to-date U4 style guide to U4 helpdesk answers. This helps to ensure a coherent U4 voice and supports the brand.

Helpdesk answer check list

Helpdesk answers have 12 compulsory components. In the U4 publication policy we give details on how to write them.

Before submitting a text for publication, please check that it complies with the policy for each item.

Compulsory, standard items

These items apply to all U4 publications, so please see the details on how to write them in U4 publication policy .

  1. Title
  2. Query – Not in publication policy. Shorten it if appropriate, anonymise it, and apply the style guide.
  3. Date (the day the answer was ready to send to the enquirer)
  4. Lead text
  5. Main points
  6. Author(s)
  7. Reviewer(s) – Not in publication policy. Reviewer names.
  8. About the author(s)
  9. Keywords
  10. Main text
  11. Reference list
  12. We also recommend

Optional items

  1. Caveats – One or two short paragraphs about how eg the background information was limited, or how readers should not apply the information.
  2. Acknowledgments


Helpdesk answer length should be between 3000 – 7000 words, including all text: notes, references, etc. This equals 6 – 10 pages, as the helpdesk contract states.


We will update and improve this policy as appropriate. If you have any questions or suggestions, please contact Kirsty.


    All views in this text are the author(s)’, and may differ from the U4 partner agencies’ policies.

    This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)